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Tibetan Mastiff Dog Breed Standard Information

The Tibetan Mastiff is a breed of dog known for its vigilance and protective nature. It has an impressively enormous frame, an air of nobility about it, a somber yet kind countenance, and a gorgeous coat that is black, brown, and blue or grey. The Tibetan Mastiff is often considered to be among the oldest and most influential dog breeds, despite the fact that its ancestry has never been satisfactorily explained.

Tibetan Mastiff Dog Breed Standard Information

Physiological Traits and Qualities

The robust, big, and agile Tibetan Mastiff is able to combine strength and agility with relative ease. The body of the dog is quite short and only somewhat long. It moves with deliberate purpose and at a modest pace, but its trot is fleet-footed and strong. This magnificent canine possesses a face that is kind and solemn at the same time.

The coats of male dogs are often longer, thicker, and heavier than those of female dogs, particularly around the shoulders and neck. Additionally, it has a robust coat on its tail and rear legs. The hair is smooth, firm, and coarse, and it stands away from the dog’s body in a straight line.

The breed has a strong undercoat during the colder months, but it does not have one during the warmer months. Because it has a variety of different coat types, the Tibetan Mastiff is able to withstand a wide range of climatic conditions.

Character and disposition of the individual

The Tibetan Mastiff is known for being fiercely independent, possessing a strong will, and territorial. Historically, this breed has been employed in the role of a lonely sentry and defender. It is possible for it to grow violent and want to defend the home from outsiders, despite the fact that it is patient and kind with familiar people. Early socialization of the dog will help it become less wary and frightened as it matures. It is also unlikely that a Tibetan Mastiff will attack another dog due to the fact that the majority of these canines get along well with other kinds of animals.


To maintain the coat, you should brush it once a week; however, during the shedding phase of the dog’s seasonal cycle, you should brush it many times every day. It’s important to pay extra attention to the longer hair on the tail, ruff, and britches. The dog’s need for exercise may be satisfied by taking it for a lengthy walk on a leash and allowing it free access to an outdoor yard to run around in.

Because of its coat’s resistance to the elements, the Tibetan Mastiff is well-suited to living in both warm and dry climes as well as in colder ones. An environment that is hot and humid, on the other hand, is not ideal for the dog.

It is considered a quiet home pet, and it has a strong preference for living indoors with its family. In spite of this, there have been reports of Tibetan Mastiffs that barked loudly throughout the night or were destructive, bored, and frustrated when they were confined to a small location. In point of fact, juvenile Tibetan Mastiffs are considered to be some of the most dangerous dogs anywhere in the world.


Canine hip dysplasia (also known as CHD) and hypothyroidism are only two of the relatively minor health conditions that might affect the Tibetan Mastiff dog, which has an average lifetime of 11 to 14 years. Canine hereditary demyelinating neuropathy, entropion, and seizures are a few of the conditions that it might suffer from on occasion. The breed would benefit from having hip and thyroid testing done. The female Tibetan Mastiff only goes through one estrus cycle every year.

A Brief Overview of the Past

Even though it is regarded to be one of the most important and old breeds, the Tibetan Mastiff’s roots have been lost, despite the fact that they were formerly known. The skeletal remains of enormous canines that had lived in China around 1100 B.C. were discovered there, according to archaeological records. It is possible that these dogs traveled with Genghis Khan and Attila the Hun, thereby supplying the initial stock for what is now known as the Tibetan Mastiff in Central Asia.

The nomadic peoples spread the dogs throughout the region, but most of them were confined to small, remote areas due to the steep mountains that stood between the valley and the plateaus. The vast majority were put to work as stalwart watchdogs in the region’s monasteries and villages. During the day, the canines were confined indoors or chained to the gates of the community; however, they were free to wander the hamlet at night.

The big Tibetan Mastiff dog known as Siring was presented to Queen Victoria as a gift by the Viceroy of India in the year 1847. This was the first time the breed was seen anywhere other than its homeland. The Prince of Wales imported two examples of the breed in 1874 and showed them at a dog show, which contributed significantly to the breed’s increased visibility at the time. However, the Tibetan Breeds Association in England did not come up with a standard for the breed until the year 1931.

After the Chinese invasion of Tibet in the 1950s, there were just a handful of dogs left in the region. The only way the dogs were able to live was by fleeing to other countries or hiding out in remote mountain settlements.

The United States began developing breeding programs in the 1970s with the help of stock that was brought in from India and Nepal. Due to the fact that the imports came from a wide range of genetic foundations, the breed now comes in a variety of shapes and sizes. While some are tasked with watching over animals, the majority of these dogs are just maintained as household pets and friends.

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